We are interested in understanding clinicians’ perceptions of the treatment effects of adrenaline in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and hope you can spare a couple of minutes to answer 3 short questions about adrenaline. If you provide your email address at the end of the survey, we will send you a copy of the PARAMEDIC2 trial results once these are published.

you can access the survey via the College of Paramedic’s website- click here.


Adrenaline has been an integral part of advanced life support since the early 1960s, but there is little evidence of whether or not its use in cardiac arrest is actually beneficial, there’s evidence that adrenaline use may lead to a poorer outcomes.


This randomised clinical controlled trial compares the effectiveness of adrenaline versus a saline placebo for the treatment of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest


London Ambulance Service
North East Ambulance Service
South East Coast Ambulance Service
Welsh Ambulance Service
West Midlands  Ambulance Service


For more information about the trial, visit the website:


If you’d like to work with ambulance services from across the UK to develop a similar project contact us.